The city contains a significant software industry with a particular focus on video games, and in recent years has fostered a growing local start-up sector. According to the historian Dio Cassius , in 43 BC, the Roman Senate ordered the creation of a settlement for Roman refugees of war with the Allobroges.
These refugees had been expelled from Vienne and were now encamped at the confluence of the Saône and Rhône rivers. The foundation was built on Fourvière hill and officially called Colonia Copia Felix Munatia , a name invoking prosperity and the blessing of the gods.
The city became increasingly referred to as Lugdunum and occasionally Lugudunum . The Romans recognised that Lugdunum's strategic location at the convergence of two navigable rivers made it a natural communications hub.
The city became the starting point of the principal Roman roads in the area, and it quickly became the capital of the province, Gallia Lugdunensis. Two Emperors were born in this city: Claudius , whose speech is preserved in the Lyon Tablet in which he justifies the nomination of Gallic Senators, and Caracalla. Early Christians in Lyon were martyred for their beliefs under the reigns of various Roman emperors, most notably Marcus Aurelius and Septimius Severus.
Local saints from this period include Blandina , Pothinus , and Epipodius , among others. Burgundians fleeing the destruction of Worms by the Huns in were re-settled at Lugdunum. In the Romans established the Kingdom of the Burgundians , and Lugdunum became its capital in It later was made part of the Kingdom of Arles. Lyon did not come under French control until the 14th century. Fernand Braudel remarked, "Historians of Lyon are not sufficiently aware of the bi-polarity between Paris and Lyon, which is a constant structure in French development Even the Bourse treasury , built in , resembled a public bazaar where accounts were settled in the open air.
When international banking moved to Genoa , then Amsterdam , Lyon remained the banking centre of France. During the Renaissance , the city's development was driven by the silk trade , which strengthened its ties to Italy. Italian influence on Lyon's architecture is still visible among historic buildings.
Two centuries later, Lyon was again convulsed by violence when, during the French Revolution , the citizenry rose up against the National Convention and supported the Girondins.
The city was besieged by Revolutionary armies for over two months before surrendering in October Many buildings were destroyed, especially around the Place Bellecour , while Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois and Joseph Fouché administered the execution of more than 2, people. The Convention ordered that its name be changed to "Liberated City" and a plaque was erected that proclaimed "Lyons made war on Liberty; Lyons no longer exists. The Convention was not the only target within Lyon during the French Revolution.
After the National Convention faded into history, the French Directory appeared and days after the September 4, , Coup of 18 Fructidor , a Directory's commissioner was assassinated in Lyon. The city became an important industrial town during the 19th century. In and , the canuts silk workers of Lyon staged two major uprisings for better working conditions and pay.
In , the first of Lyon's extensive network of funicular railways began operation. But the city was also a stronghold of the French Resistance — the many secret passages known as traboules enabled people to escape Gestapo raids.
The city is now home to a resistance museum. The Rhône and Saône converge to the south of the historic city centre forming a peninsula — the " Presqu'île " — bounded by two large hills to the west and north and a large plain eastward.
Place Bellecour is located on the Presqu'île between the two rivers and is the third-largest public square in France. The broad, pedestrian-only Rue de la République leads north from Place Bellecour. The northern hill is La Croix-Rousse , known as "the hill that works" because it is traditionally home to many small silk workshops, an industry for which the city has long been renowned.
The western hill is the Fourvière, known as "the hill that prays" because it is the location for the basilica of Notre-Dame de Fourvière , several convents, and the residence of the Archbishop. The district, Vieux Lyon , also hosts the Tour métallique a highly visible TV tower, replicating the last stage of the Eiffel Tower and one of the city's funicular railways. East of the Rhône from the Presqu'île is a large flat area upon which sits much of modern Lyon and contains most of the city's population.
North of this district is the sixth arrondissement , which is home to one of Europe's largest urban parks, the Parc de la Tête d'or , as well as Lycée du Parc and Interpol 's world headquarters. Lyon has a humid subtropical climate Köppen: The highest recorded temperature is Like Paris and Marseille , the city of Lyon is divided into a number of municipal arrondissements , each of which is identified by a number and has its own council and town hall.
Five arrondissements were originally created in , when three neighbouring communes La Croix-Rousse, La Guillotière, and Vaise were annexed by Lyon. Between and , the third arrondissement which originally covered the whole of the Left Bank of the Rhône was split three times, creating a new arrondissement in each case.
A year later, in , the fifth was split to create Lyon's 9th — and, to date, final — arrondissement. Within each arrondissement, the recognisable quartiers or neighbourhoods are:.
Geographically, Lyon's two main rivers, the Saône and the Rhône, divide the arrondissements into three groups:. Since the Middle Ages, the residents of the region have spoken several dialects of Franco-Provençal.
The Lyonnais dialect was replaced by the French language as the importance of the city grew. However some "frenchified" Franco-Provençal words can also be heard in the French of the Lyonnais, who call their little boys and girls "gones" and "fenottes" for example.
In its designation, UNESCO cited the "exceptional testimony to the continuity of urban settlement over more than two millennia on a site of great commercial and strategic significance.
The first examples of traboules are thought to have been built in Lyon in the 4th century. Lyon has a long and chronicled culinary arts tradition. The noted food critic Curnonsky referred to the city as "the gastronomic capital of the world",  a claim repeated by later writers such as Bill Buford.
The bouchon is a traditional Lyonnais restaurant that serves local fare such as sausages, duck pâté or roast pork, along with local wines. Two of France's best known wine-growing regions are located near the city: Another Lyon tradition is a type of brunch food called "mâchons", made of local charcuterie and usually accompanied by Beaujolais red wine.
Mâchons were the customary meal of the canuts , the city's silk workers, who ate a late-morning meal after they finished their shifts in the factories. Other traditional local dishes include coq au vin ; quenelle ; gras double ; salade lyonnaise lettuce with bacon, croûtons and a poached egg ; and the sausage-based rosette lyonnaise and andouillette. Popular local confections include marron glacé and coussin de Lyon.
More recently, the french tacos was invented in Lyon suburbs in the early s and is now worldwide famous. Lyon is home to the football club Olympique Lyonnais OL , whose men's team plays in Ligue 1 and has won the championship of that competition seven times, all consecutively from to Since , the team has played at the Parc Olympique Lyonnais , a 59,seat stadium located in the eastern suburb of Décines-Charpieu.
They are on a streak of 13 top-flight championships —present , and additionally claim the four titles won by the original incarnation of FC Lyon, a women's football club that merged into OL in the current FC Lyon was founded in In addition, Lyon has a rugby league side called Lyon Villeurbanne that plays in the French rugby league championship. The club's home is the Stade Georges Lyvet in Villeurbanne. Lyon is also home to the Lyon Hockey Club , an ice hockey team that competes in France's national ice hockey league.
Since , Birdy Kids , a group of graffiti artists from the city, has decorated several random buildings and walls along the Lyon ring road. In , the artist collective has been chosen to represent the city as its cultural ambassadors. Lyon and its region Rhône-Alpes represent one of the most important economies in Europe and, according to Loughborough University, can be compared to Philadelphia, Mumbai or Athens with regard to its international position.
Other important sectors include medical research and technology, non-profit institutions, and universities. Lyon is home to the P4-Inserm—ean Merieux Laboratory which conducts top-level vaccine research. The specialisation of some sectors of activities has led to the creation of many main business centres: The worldwide headquarters of Interpol is located there. The district of Confluence , in the south of the historic centre, is a new pole of economical and cultural development.
Tourism is an important part of the Lyon economy, with one billion euros in and 3. In January , Lyon ranked first in France for hostels business. The festivals most important for attracting tourists are the Fête des lumières , the Nuits de Fourvière every summer, the Biennale d'art contemporain and the Nuits Sonores. In , the Lyon region ranked as the leading industrial region in France with a total of , companies, , jobs in industry, and 14 competitive clusters encompassing various sectors such as Life Sciences, Cleantech and Digital technologies.
Lyon—Saint-Exupéry Airport , located east of Lyon, serves as a base for domestic and international flights. It is a key transport facility for the entire Rhône-Alpes region, with coach links to other cities in the area. Lyon public transport Sytral offers no service despite a bus service operating to a nearby suburb.
In the suburb of Bron , the smaller Lyon-Bron Airport provides an alternative for domestic aviation. Lyon has two major railway stations: Lyon Part-Dieu , which was built to accommodate the TGV, and Lyon Perrache , an older station that now provides mostly regional service. Lyon was the first city to be connected to Paris by the TGV in The city is at the heart of a dense road network and is located at the meeting point of several highways: The city is now bypassed by the A A double motorway tunnel passes under Fourvière, connecting the A6 and the A7 autoroutes, both forming the "Autoroute du Soleil".
Lyon is served by the Eurolines intercity coach organisation. Its Lyon terminal is located at the city's Perrache railway station, which serves as an intermodal transportation hub that also includes tramways, local and regional trains and buses, the terminus of Metro line A, of the Tramway T2, the bicycle service Vélo'v, and taxis. The Transports en commun lyonnais TCL , Lyon's public transit system, consisting of metro, tramways and buses, serves 62 communes of the Lyon metropolis.
Tram T5 from Grange Blanche, in the south-east to Eurexpo in the south-wast. The Lyon bus network consists of the Lyon trolleybus system , motorbuses , and coaches for areas outside the centre. The public transit system has been complemented since by Vélo'v , a bicycle network providing a low-cost service where bicycles can be hired and returned at any of stations throughout the city.
Borrowing a bicycle for less than 30 minutes is free. Free rental time can be extended for another 30 minutes at any station. Lyon was the first city in France to introduce this bicycle renting system. In the Auto'lib car rental service was introduced; it works much the same way as the Velo'v but for cars. The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Lyon on a weekday is 45 minutes. The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 4.
Lyon is a pilot city of the Council of Europe and the European Commission "Intercultural cities" program. Lyon is twinned with: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Special Services Info on Special Services.
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Welcome to Lyon County School District! Graduate all students to be successful in college and career. Provide relevant learning opportunities that develop adaptable, persistent, and self-directed learners capable of creativity, collaboration, communication, and critical thinking necessary to overcome complex challenges.
Lyon County School District, with over 8, students and 1, staff members is the fourth largest school district in Nevada. Each school boasts highly qualified instructional leaders accompanied by caring and dedicated staff, who work tirelessly to ensure the learning needs of each student are realized. Safety and Security Measures. Administrators and staff members work diligently every day with students and families to provide a positive, safe and respectful learning environment. Additionally, these plans have been reviewed and approved by local law enforcement and emergency response agencies.
Further, each school conducts safety drills to practice these safety measures on a regular basis, often times with the assistance of the aforementioned agencies. This system includes a camera and a silent alarm that can discretely notify the office of any emergency situation.
DIS Lyon II. likes. Actualités concernant le Département Informatique et Statistique de l'Université Lumière Lyon 2Followers: The district, Vieux Lyon, also hosts the Tour métallique (a highly visible TV tower, replicating the last stage of the Eiffel Tower) and one of the city's funicular railways. Fourvière, along with portions of the Presqu'île and much of La Croix-Rousse, is designated as a UNESCO World Heritage b13.mey: France. Ancora una volta Ciao Ragazzi! Io sono Lyones, o Lyon per chi ha fretta! Sono su YouTube dal I tempi sono cambiati ma io continuo a portare ogni giorno.
Welcome to our webpage designed for the futur incoming exchange students at the university Lumière Lyon 2. The university Lumière Lyon 2 is glad and proud to host more than exchange students each year. You would like to be an exchange student at the university Lumière Lyon 2? Please read all the useful informations. If you have any other. 2nd Arrondissement (district) of Lyon. SHARE ON. From the s into the Future in Lyon 2. The second district of the city sits at the southern extremity of the central part of Lyon, the Presqu’île formed by the Saône and the Rhône. It is one of Lyon’s most varied and commercial districts. View AE-DIS Lyon2’s profile on LinkedIn, the world's largest professional community. AE-DIS’ education is listed on their profile. See the complete profile on LinkedIn and discover AE-DIS Occupation: Student at Universite Lumiere Lyon 2.
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Lyon County School District, with over 8, students and 1, staff members is the fourth largest school district in Nevada. LCSD is comprised of 18 schools located in five unique attendance areas including Dayton, Fernley, Silver Springs, Smith Valley and Yerington. Jan 04, · With our Lyon itinerary, we’ll show you exactly what to do in Lyon in 2 days so that you see as much of the city as possible without feeling overwhelmed. Best Time to Visit Lyon. Unlike many destinations in Europe, you don’t have to wait for the shoulder season to visit b13.me: David Johnston. Ancora una volta Ciao Ragazzi! Io sono Lyones, o Lyon per chi ha fretta! Sono su YouTube dal I tempi sono cambiati ma io continuo a portare ogni giorno.
View AE-DIS Lyon2’s profile on LinkedIn, the world's largest professional community. AE-DIS’ education is listed on their profile. See the complete profile on LinkedIn and discover AE-DIS Occupation: Student at Universite Lumiere Lyon 2. Masters DIS Université Lumière Lyon 2. Institut de la Communication. Master d’Informatique de Lyon. Bienvenue sur le site des Formations Informatique et Statistique. CAMPAGNE DE RECRUTEMENTS des Formations INFO/STAT Les groupes de Formation Continue en soir seront réouverts à partir de l'année DIS Lyon II. likes. Actualités concernant le Département Informatique et Statistique de l'Université Lumière Lyon 2Followers:Plus...